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Spanish Genealogical Dictionary

Abuelo /a: (Grandfather / Grandmother) From a person, the parents of his father or mother. In general, refers to ancestors of a person.

Amonestaciones: (Warnings) Public notification done in the church of the people who are going to marry, so that, if someone knows any impediment, can denouncing it. Usually took place three Sundays before the wedding date.

Antepasado / Ascendiente: (Ancestor / Ascendant) Person of which other descends. Father, mother, grandparents, great grandparents, etc ...

Ascendencia: (Ancestry) Set of parents or ancestors of a person.

Bautismo: (Baptism) In the Christian religion, first of the sacraments, which makes a person a member of the Church.

Bautismo de urgencia: (Emergency baptism) Baptism received by a newborn in case of grave danger. It was the doctor, the midwife or a family member who poured the baptismal water on the newborn.

Bautismo sub conditione: (Baptism sub conditione) Baptism received by a child who was already baptized as "urgent need" (or emergency), once the danger passed.

Bisabuelo /a: (Great-grandfather / Great-grandmother) On a person, the parents of his grandfather or his grandmother.

Bisnieto /a: (Great-grandson / Great-granddaughter) On a person, the son or daughter of your grandson or granddaughter. Grandchild in the second generation.

Capítulos matrimoniales: (Marriage contract) Contract by which stipulate the conditions for the present and future assets on marriage before the wedding cellebration.

Consanguineidad: (Linebreeding) Condition of the relatives who belong to the same family tree and have similar inherited characteristics. In civil law, related by blood, is important in the inheritance and matrimonial issues.

Consuegro /a: father or mother-in-law of one's son or daughter

Chozno: Grandchild in fourth generation.

Descendencia: (Offspring) Set of descendants of a person or couple.

Descendiente: (Descendant) Person who is descended from another. Son, grandson, great-grandson, etc ...

Dispensa: (Dispensation) Privilege, except as a concession to the orders of the general rule. With the matrimonial dispensation is granted permission to marry despite failing to meet some requirement for it.

Estado / Estado civil: (State / Civil status) Personal circumstances that determine the obligations and rights of an individual: Single, Married, Widowed, Divorced...

GEDCOM: Acronym for "GEnealogical Data COMmunications". Standard format of Computer files for information exchange between different genealogy programs.

Genealogía: (Genealogy) Science that studies the origin and descent of a particular person. Is represented with the family tree.

Genealogista: (Genealogist) Person who makes a genealogical research (own or alien).

Heráldica: (Heraldry) Science that studies the arms of a lineage, place or specific person.

Hermanastro /a: (Stepbrother / Stepsister) Son or daughter of one of the spouses with respect to the other child. It is important to differentiate it from the half-brother.

Hermano /a de leche: (Brother / Sister of milk) Son of a nurse with another person who raised it, and vice versa.

Hidalgo: Person with noble privileges such as exemption from paying the taxes payable by villains.

Hijastro /a: (Stepchild) For a spouse, son or daughter that the other has had a previous marriage.

Hijo /a legítimo /a: (Legitimate Son / Daughter) Refers to a person born of marriage between their parents.

Hijo /a natural: (Natural son / daughter) Refers to a person born without existing at this time marriage between his parents, but could be held later.

Impedimento: (Impediment) Cause for which is not allowed the celebration of Catholic wedding.

In facie ecclesiae: Term used to describe the celebration of the sacrament of marriage publicly and with all requirements established by the Church.

Linaje: (Lineage) Ancestry or descent of a person.

Madrastra: (Stepmother) Father's wife over the children that he has had a previous marriage.

Matriarcado: (Matriarchy) A system of family and social organization in which the surname is transmitted by women.

Medio hermano /a: (Half brother / sister) A person with respect another having the same father or mother and different mother or father. It's important to differentiate it from the Stepbrother or Stepsister.

Mozo /a: (Waiter) Refers to a young person and unmarried.

Natural: With respect to a place, said of a person born there.

Nuera: (Daughter in law) For one person, the wife of his son

Padre desconocido: (Unknown Father) Said of one who, having fathered the child, does not recognize it as their own and therefore his ascentry is not documented.

Padrastro: (Stepfather) Mother's husband over the children that she has had a previous marriage.

Parentesco: (Kinship) Familiar link between people descended of a common trunk (direct relationship), also between those united by a marriage or through an adoption.

Patriarcado: (Patriarchy) Family system and social organization in which the surname is transmitted through the male line.

Primos hermanos: (First cousins)​ People who have the same grandparent.

Primos segundos: (Second cousins​​) People who have the same great-grandparents

Primos terceros: (Third cousins​​) People who have the same great-great-grandparents

Rama / Línea): (Branch / Line) Each of the families that originate from a common trunk of the family tree.

Sobrino /a: (Nephew / Niece) With respect to a person, son or daughter of a brother or a cousin. The children of a brother are first cousins.

Sobrino /a nieto/a: (Nephew grandchild) As a person, grandson or granddaughter of his brother or sister.

Suegro /a: (Father / Mother in law) Parents of husband on the wife, or parents of wife on the husband.

Tatarabuelo /a: (Great-great-grandfather / Great-great-grandmother) As a person, the father or the mother of his grandfather or his grandmother.

Tataranieto /a: (Great-Great-Grandson / Great-Great-Granddaughter) As a person, son or daughter of his great-grandson or great-granddaughter. Grandchild in third generation.

Tío /a abuelo /a: (Uncle grandfather / Aunt grandmother) As a person, brother or sister of his grandfather or his grandmother.

Velación: (Velation) Second part of the liturgy of religious marriage held after the wedding itself, when the couple receive the "nuptial blessing".

Villano /a: (Villain) Refers to the residents of a town or village belonging to the flat class, as opposed to the gentry or nobility.

Yerno: (Son / Daughter in law) As a person, the husband of her daughter or the wife of his son.

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